Symptoms and Causes of High Blood Pressure
The heart pumps blood into the arteries with sufficient force to make the blood circulate and reach every organ and tissue in the body. Therefore, blood pressure is defined as the force of blood applied to the arteries' walls as it circulates in the body.
Blood pressure is at maximum levels when it leaves the heart through the aorta and slowly decreases as it enters minor blood vessels. Blood goes back to heart through the veins with the help of gravity and muscle contraction.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure generally has no symptoms thus it is called "the silent killer." People with high blood pressure typically do not identify it until they check out their blood pressure level. A few common symptoms of hypertension are dizziness, headache, blurred vision, vomiting and nausea, shortness of breath and chest pain.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
In 90 percent of the people with hypertension, the reason for high blood pressure is unknown. Thus, this condition is referred to as essential or primary hypertension. Although the exact cause is undefined, there are few risk factors, which can increase your risk of developing high BP.
Factors that can’t be changed
Age: The older a person is, the greater the possibility that they will get high blood pressure is. This is particularly applicable to high systolic levels. This is mainly because of arteriosclerosis, hardening of arteries.
Family history: The tendency to get high blood pressure appears to run in families. This is a hereditary problem.
Gender: Generally, men have a greater risk of high blood pressure as compared to women. This risk varies depending on age and ethnicity.
Factors that can be changed
Obesity: As the body weight rises, the blood pressure increases too. Obese people are 2 to 6 times more likely to get high blood pressure than people with a healthy weight.
Sodium or salt sensitivity: a few people have higher sensitivity to salt and their blood pressure rises if they intake salt. Therefore reducing sodium consumption tends to reduce their blood pressure levels.
Alcohol use: having more than 1 to 2 glasses of alcohol a day is likely to increase blood pressure in those people who have sensitivity to alcohol.
Birth control pills: Generally, women who take birth control pills are more likely to develop high blood pressure.
Lack of work out or physical inactivity: An inactive life style contributes a lot to obesity and to high blood pressure.
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