Chitosan: Knowing the History
The actual pronunciation for Chitosan is 'Kite-O-San'. It is considered as fat magnet; however now researches have made it clear that it is just a fat inhibitor. It is useful for people who want to find an easiest way of losing body fat. In fact, it is a substance that is taken from chitin which is obtained in exoskeletons of crustaceans. You must be thinking how it is helpful and how it can be processed; Chitosan is processed by taking the shells away from the sea animals such as lobster, shrimps as well as crabs
Another question arises here is that how was it discovered and how it can be utilized; we are going to discuss it here. It was introduced in 1811 when chitin was appeared. The fact about the chitin was revealed by Braconn. He was professor of the natural history in France. He actually was performing search about mushrooms and he isolated something named as chitin after sometime. After about twenty years, another researcher revealed that it is also present in insects and some plants as well. The name chitin is derived from Greek word, i.e. tunic or envelope. The idea was further elaborated in 1843 by Lassaigne. He was demonstrating the occurrence of nitrogen in Chitosan.
After the invention of chitin, the name "chitosan" came forth. It was first revealed by Rouget whilst trying out different things with chitin. For that reason, Rouget found that the compound of chitin might be controlled through chemical as well as temperature interventions for it to become fat-soluble. After that, it was in 1878 while Ledderhose recognized chitin to be composed of glucosamine as well as acetic acid; it was not in fact until 1894 that Hoppe-Seyler identified the oriented chitin, chitosan.
In the beginning of twentieth century, a number of inquiries and searches considered chitosan as their theme of schoolwork. They after that implied origins of chitin, taking crab shells as well as fungai. In 1930, Rammelberg's researches headed to the verification on the uniqueness of chitosan from these sources. Moreover, it was distinguished that by hydrolyzing Chitosan in several modes, it was found out by individuals that chitin is a polysaccharide of glucosamine. In 1950s, the use of x-ray examination had promoted the study of the presence of chitin or chitosan in fungi. Though, it is just the most highly developed technologies that demonstrated the most trustworthy in keying out the occurrence of chitin in addition to cellulose in the cell walls.
In the beginning of sixties, chitosan was checked out for its capability to attach with the red blood cells. At that time, the matter of Chitosan was conceived and studied as a hemostatic agent. After that, for the earlier period three decades, it has been applied at water sanitization plants for detoxifying water. It is put on the shell where it soaks up greases, oils, as well as other prospective toxins. These days, Chitosan is recognized as a nutritional appendage that is excellent for weight loss.
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